All of the attending delegations were from the Thirteen Colonies that eventually formed the United States. Over 10 years later four of these men would sign the Declaration of Independence. Most of the official papers of the Congress have not survived. [33], Copies of the petitions left New York on two ships, including one that had arrived during the Congress, carrying stamped paper. It was called the Stamp Act Congress. The Stamp Act Protests and Riots: Many of the colonies protested the Stamp Act by forming a Stamp Act Congress, according to the book Conceived in Liberty: “The major effort of official protest was the Stamp Act Congress, called in June by the Massachusetts House … It was the first gathering of elected representatives from several of the American colonies to … New York's delegation also refused, citing the informality with which it had been selected. Entry on the Stamp Act Congress, where delegates from nine colonies met to discuss a unified response to the Stamp act. Stamp Act, (1765), in U.S. colonial history, first British parliamentary attempt to raise revenue through direct taxation of all colonial commercial and legal papers, newspapers, pamphlets, cards, almanacs, and dice. To Parliament’s great surprise, outraged Americans responded angrily with legislative protests and street violence. The following resolutions were drafted and passed by the Stamp Act Congress, a meeting of delegates from nine states who gathered in New York in October 1765: “The members of this Congress, sincerely devoted, with the warmest sentiments of affection and … Little is known of the debates in congress. (Others noted that Parliament had already ignored such petitions. The Stamp Act was passed on March 22, 1765 but it didn’t take effect until November 1 of 1765. It also reiterated the supremacy of Parliament. Ruggles, 54, was a conservative lawyer with a long history of public service. The use of the stamped paper was required for newspapers, books, court documents, commercial papers, land deeds, almanacs, dice, and playing cards. The Stamp Act Fourth Declaration "...people of these colonies are not, and from their local circumstances cannot be, represented in the House of Commons in Great Britain." The colonists were not merely griping about the Sugar Act and the Stamp Act.They intended to place actions behind their words. [4], In June 1765, the Massachusetts Assembly drafted a letter, which was sent to the legislatures of "the several Colonies on this Continent" to "consult together on the present circumstances of the colonies. In 1765, the average taxpayer in England paid 26 shillings per year in taxes, while the average colonist paid only one- half to one and a half shillings. This Congress is generally viewed as one of the first organized and co-ordinated political actions of the American Revolution although its participants were not at all interested in independence from Great Britain. [41], Jacob Kollock was also selected to represent the Delaware counties and is known to have traveled to New York, but there is no record of his attendance at the Congress' official sessions. Mergeinto. They intended to place actions behind their words. The delegates spent a significant amount of time discussing the differences between direct ("internal") taxation and the regulation of trade (or "external taxation"), and seeking formal justification of the idea that only the colonial assemblies had the right to levy internal taxes. British Prime Minister George Grenville noted at the time of the Sugar Act's passage that a stamp tax might also be necessary, immediately raising concern and protest in the colonies. [9] New Jersey's assembly politely declined to send delegates before adjourning in late June, but after political sentiment against the Stamp Act became more pronounced, Speaker Robert Ogden called an extralegal assembly (since only the governor could officially call it into session) in late September that chose three delegates. there was a meeting held between October 7th and 25th, of 1765in the Big Apple (New York). Other articles where Stamp Act Congress is discussed: Stamp Act: …agreements among colonial merchants, the Stamp Act Congress was convened in New York (October 1765) by moderate representatives of nine colonies to frame resolutions of “rights and grievances” and to petition the king and Parliament for repeal of the objectionable measures. Parliament had passed the Stamp Act, which required the use of specialty stamped paper for legal documents, playing cards, calendars, newspapers, and dice for virtually all business in the colonies starting on November 1, 1765. 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