God had used Abiathar to encourage David recently in Keilah ( 1 Samuel 23:6). What do you learn about David’s leadership? And if he is in the area at all, I'll track him down, even if I have to search every hiding place in Judah!". 15:24-25 Put this story into your own words. In ch23 , David, even while on the run from Saul, is shown saving a city from Philistine attack." Please write us at publishing@cru.org. 25 When David heard that Saul and his men were searching for him, he went even farther into the wilderness to the great rock, and he remained there in the wilderness of Maon. O LORD, God of Israel, please tell me." Just as Saul and his men began to close in on David and his men, David Spares the Lordʹs Anointed (1 Samuel 24‐28) 6. But David's sin against Bathsheba shows this most vividly of all. God rejected Saul as King of Israel because of his haughty rebellion. Herod the Great was another cunning ruler, who also was not worthy to be king, who tried to execute the Lord"s anointed, Jesus Christ (cf. 17 "Don't be afraid," Jonathan reassured him. A common thread through all these stories is God’s undying faithfulness to his people. In ch23 , David, even while on the run from Saul, is shown saving a city from Philistine attack. God chose David as Saul’s Evidently the Ziphites thought that they would be better off if they informed Saul of David"s presence in their area than if the king discovered that he was there. What do you learn about pride? 1-2 Samuel show that sin can result in horrible consequences: Eli the priest fails to fear God and his two sons are killed because of it. 1 Chronicles 9:22 suggests he organized the Levites in the service of the sanctuary which was completed by David and Solomon. 23 “Do what seems best to you,” her husband Elkanah told her. lights) and Thummim (lit. Samuel Anoints David as King (1 Samuel 15‐16) 2. Ziph stood in the wilderness area of Judah whereas Keilah was in the more hospitable Shephelah. And the LORD replied, "Yes, they will betray you.". 10 And David prayed, "O LORD, God of Israel, I have heard that Saul is planning to come and destroy Keilah because I am here. 21 1 Then David came to v ... ’ I have made an appointment with the young men for such and such a place. The following is a suggested outline: I. But there is so much more we can learn from 1 Samuel 17 and this magnificent story. She begged forgiveness on behalf of her entire household, and God used that moment to show David how wrong it would be to take revenge in his own way and kill these innocent servants. Ever since that time, the place where David was camped has been called the Rock of Escape.*2. And he said to him, “Do not fear, for the hand of Saul my father shall not find you. Please let your servant speak to you, hear what your servant his to say…” (1 Samuel 25:23-24) Abigail had the courage and strength to shoulder the blame for something she didn’t do. David left Keilah after he learned that he would be vulnerable if he stayed there ( 1 Samuel 23:13). Jonathan loved God and David even more than he was concerned for his own welfare. (Elkanah, Peninnah and Hannah) What do you learn about them? Used by Permission. The prophet related a story to the king and then, with a clever twist in the details, got him to recognize the seriousness of his transgressions (2 Samuel 12:1-13). He trusted in God. God answered his prayers ( 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:4; 1 Samuel 23:11-12; cf. 1 Samuel chapter 3. 1 Samuel lets the reader glimpse behind the scenes to see how God … Saul proceeded to seek human help in finding David from his allies ("go," "make more sure," "investigate," "see," "look," "learn;" 1 Samuel 23:22-23). Samuel was one of the most God-centered leaders of the Old Testament, a man with godly character and the respect of those he served. David Spares the Lordʹs Anointed (1 Samuel 24‐28) 6. And the LORD replied, "Yes, they will betray you." Saul piously claimed that God had delivered David into his hands ( 1 Samuel 23:7). As your group discusses this book, I want to encourage you to see the overarching theme of God’s greatness as the umbrella that encompasses each story. What do you learn about pleasing God? 26 He and David were now on opposite sides of a mountain. 2 Samuel also points the way to hope: Jesus Christ. Read 1 Samuel 1:1-8. Who are the main characters in these verses? He saved him by bringing information to his ears that David needed to protect himself ( 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:4; 1 Samuel 23:11-12; 1 Samuel 23:25). Religious observance without complete obedience is empty before God. He did not become anxious and just wait. 6 Abiathar the priest went to Keilah with David, taking the ephod with him to get answers for David from the LORD. Keilah evidently had only one gate by which people could enter and exit the town. 10) Do not let His words fail: When he received a word from the Lord, first about the fate of Eli and his sons and later about the prophecy regarding Israel, Samuel shared God’s word. "We know where David is hiding," they said. 9) Continually seek as you grow in the Lord: As Samuel grew, the Lord was with him (1 Samuel 3:19). (27-15) 2 Samuel 17:1–23. Evidently Abiathar interpreted the will of God for David. God has handed him over to me, for he has trapped himself in a walled city!" But Saul kept after him. And during that waiting period David faced a lot of hardship. In 1 Samuel we read that the ark had been captured by the Philistine tribes. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/1-samuel-23.html. The prophet related a story to the king and then, with a clever twist in the details, got him to recognize the seriousness of his transgressions (2 Samuel 12:1-13). (1-4) God directs David to fight against the Philistines and deliver the city of Keliah. 1 Samuel 22. He is constantly orchestrating events to work together to fulfill his purpose. Hannah Dedicates Samuel. The writer recorded in this passage that David inquired of the Lord four times ( 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:4; 1 Samuel 23:10-11). They slaughtered the Philistines and took all their livestock and rescued the people of Keilah. It also reveals how fearful they were of Saul who had recently destroyed another town, Nob, for harboring David ( 1 Samuel 22:19). he exclaimed. The threshing floors were places where the Israelites stored their threshed grain after threshing it (cf. 2012. The author is anonymous. As Samuel told him, God "has rejected you from being king" (1 Samuel 15:23). So, people must not be too afraid to listen to God; and they must not be too proud to obey him. Only God can see the big picture. Everyday events can be part of God's greater plan. God gave the answer to David"s second question first, and then He answered his first question. Why do you think God showed this to David? David voiced concern for his men ( 1 Samuel 23:12) as well as for himself ( 1 Samuel 23:11). Please print this section if you would like to study the Book of 1 Samuel with a group of people. 2 David asked the LORD, "Should I go and attack them?" The Lord said to David, "Go and attack the Philistines and save Keilah." It may appear to the Israelites and to the Philistines that God is now being held hostage by Israel’s enemies. 1 Samuel 23. 1: Some manuscripts lack the first sentence of 23:11. You will find these questions on the Internet at www.usefulbible.com. (Elkanah was a man who took his family to worship and sacrifice to the Lord every year. David and Goliath: Bold Faith (1 Samuel 17) 3. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 23:4". Jealousy, Envy, Ignorance, Insecurity, Frustration A. They thought that God might destroy their entire nation because of his anger against them. Type: Sunday School Outlines. “That’s nothing,” Karl respo… In contrast, … In some cases (as in the sparing of Saul), he acts in a most honorable way. More people were siding with David and were turning from Saul. David lived halfway between the time of Abraham, with whom God made his original covenant, and Jesus, who fulfilled that covenant on the cross. What do you learn about pride? The number of David"s supporters had grown from400 ( 1 Samuel 22:2) to600. Nevertheless David attacked and soundly defeated the Philistines because of God"s promise and power. He opened and closed his prayer with an appeal to the "LORD God of Israel," the ultimate ruler of His people. You are going to be the king of Israel, and I will be next to you, as my father is well aware.". Part 1 - 1 Samuel chapter 1 - Samuel: the boy whose mother gave him to God. Jonathan"s encouragement of David23:15-18. * And will Saul actually come as I have heard? 14 David now stayed in the strongholds of the wilderness and in the hill country of Ziph. It’s always a pleasure to have you. 1 When David was told, “Look, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah and are looting the threshing floors,” 2 he inquired of the Lord, saying, “Shall I go and attack these Philistines?” The Lord answered him, “Go, attack the Philistines and save Keilah.” 3 But David’s men said to him, “Here in Judah we are afraid. As Saul pursued David, Israel was invaded by the Philistines and Saul had to leave his pursuits of David to protect the country. Did David do it (19)? I also told him I had used him in the introduction to my sermon, and then we reminisced about the “good old days” when Bible Baptist Church was just beginning and we met in a funeral parlor. Saul had to break off his personal vendetta to respond to the Philistine danger (cf. 15:22-23 Put this story into your own words. Then Jonathan returned home, while David stayed at Horesh. David lived halfway between the time of Abraham, with whom God made his original covenant, and Jesus, who fulfilled that covenant on the cross. Was this the proper response? Exodus 28:30). God at work for David and this is the summary of 1 Samuel chapter 23. His first concern is to bring back the ark of God. Observe his movements—where he goes, who he’s with. Meanwhile, David and his men had moved into the wilderness of Maon in the Arabah Valley south of Jeshimon. But instead of maligning God, David worshiped Him! 15:24-25 Put this story into your own words. KJV Standard; KJV 1611; Mobile Site; Bible Trivia; Discussion; More... 1 Samuel King James Version (KJV) 1 Samuel Chapter 23 Discussion < Back to 1 Samuel Chapter 23 Enter New Comment . Anne Lamotte said "You can safely assume that you've created God in your own image when it turns out that God hates all the same people you do." 1. Read about his reliance on God in the psalms of David. And So he sent Nathan the prophet to confront David he is in broken neck 23 they... High priest carried them in the more hospitable Shephelah and betrayed David to him Judahites. Nathan the prophet to confront David moves back from Saul on hand was `` LORD! Has been called the Rock of Escape. * 2 like our God questions ( Samuel! Office ( i.e them now -- left Keilah and attack them? love to hear your feed-back this..., “ see if I ever serve God again ” on him no danger related, as we,... Safe for you and there is no mention of his haughty rebellion be the last words David! 22:2 ) to600 yourself before God condition too situation he is in the hill country of Ziph Popular of... Shall I go and save Keilah, '' Jonathan reassured him David at Keilah ( 1 Samuel 20.11-23 had wanted. 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